How Does Your Skin Change as You Age?
As we approach to our 30’s, our body starts reducing the collagen and elastine (two substances that provides skin with strenght and elasticity). In young people the skin is strong, soft and without wrinkles. As you get older, the loss of collagen and elastin causes the skin to become loose and less elastic. At the same time, the fat cells located under the skin start disappearing, and under the influence of gravity, along with the loss of elastin and collagen, the skin begins to wrinkle. The skin also begins to lose its ability to compensate the lack of moisture, which makes it drier and often irritated in parts. With the years, the wrinkles appear on the forehead and around the eyes due to the permanent contractions of small facial muscles.
Your Habits will Define Your Skin Condition
Besides the natural process of skin aging, the long-lasting living conditions add to the skin damage. Overexposure to the sun is an external factor that mostly affects condition and health of our skin. Many of the phenomena that we believe are caused by aging are actually caused by years of sun exposure (small wrinkles, age spots, enlarged capillaries, rough skin …)
Smoking has an adverse effect to the skin since it shrinks blood vessels in the upper layers of the skin, which reduces the nutritional skin status, decreases the amount of oxygen and reduces the removal of byproducts and dead cells.
Common Signs of Skin Aging
During the skin aging usually appear:
• Old age spots
Flat brown spots that appear on the face, arms, back and legs
It is much easier for older skin to generate bruises that are much harder to withdraw
As the skin ages it begins to wrinkle, especially around the eyes, mouth, forehead and cheeks
Often being called "broken capillaries" and they are actually a visibly dilated blood vessels the most commonly caused by the sun
• Cherry Angiomas
Red skin growths caused by the enlarged blood vessels. They are harmless and occur in 85% of those who have entered adulthood.
• Seborrheic keratosis
These are brown or black growths on the skin surface.
Preserve Your Skin!
It's never too late to start caring for your skin in order to make it look healthy and to slow down the aging process.
• Minimize Sun Exposure
If you're out in the sun use the sunscreen with UV factor that should be at least SPF 15. Protect your face with a hat. Try to avoid the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.
• Protect Your Skin from Drying out
Use mild soaps and after shower moisturizers
• Drink Plenty of Water
Physicians and nutritionists recommend a daily intake of 6-8 glasses of water daily. This amount of water is necessary not only for general health, but also to reduce drying out of your skin.
• Healthy diet
A healthy diet contributes to overall health and skin health. Fruits and vegetables, among other things, contain antioxidants that slow down premature aging.
• Movement and Exercise
Exercise increases tissue oxygen supply which contributes to a younger and healthier looking skin.