Starting from the lowest point to the surface, there are the following noticeably distinguishable skin layers:
Subcutis – subcutaneous adipose tissue has a protective role as a thermal insulator and energy “reservoir”
Dermis – the middle layer provides strength and elasticity to the skin owing to connective and elastic fibers. Infused with the blood and nerve elements it is the basis of numerous hair follicles and sebaceous glands.
Epidermis – the thinnest skin layer that we perceive on surface. It’s stratifiedly arranged cells keratinocytes adjoin the dermis together with melanocytes cells that are responsible for producing melanin, the pigment that defines skin color. On the surface, in the corneous skin layer, the keratinocytes gradually differentiating die and “flake”.