Skin Types

Skin Structure

Starting from the lowest point to the surface, there are the following noticeably distinguishable skin layers:

Subcutis – subcutaneous adipose tissue has a protective role as a thermal insulator and energy “reservoir”
Dermis – the middle layer provides strength and elasticity to the skin owing to connective and elastic fibers. Infused with the blood and nerve elements it is the basis of numerous hair follicles and sebaceous glands.
Epidermis – the thinnest skin layer that we perceive on surface. It’s stratifiedly arranged cells keratinocytes adjoin the dermis together with melanocytes cells that are responsible for producing melanin, the pigment that defines skin color. On the surface, in the corneous skin layer, the keratinocytes gradually differentiating die and “flake”.

Normal Skin
Normal skin is neither too oily nor too dry; it is idyllically humid and evenly vascularized by capillaries that are responsible for its slightly pink color. It is smooth to the touch and pores are hardly visible. After the age of thirty it turns into dry skin.
Dry Skin
It is most common in fair-skinned women. The skin is thin, has fine structure and its pores aren’t visible, but it looks tired and tense. Easy to crack and peel off, its first wrinkles have already appeared in the early age. Sometimes it is scattered with capillaries. Such skin is important to protect and revitalize.
Oily Skin
It occurs due to the exaggerated activity of sebaceous glands. The skin surface has an oily shine, rough to the touch, poorly vascularized, pale and with the enlarged pores. Blackheads and acne appear frequently. It stays young longer, less wrinkled, and its condition generally improves over time.
Combination Skin
It consists of localized areas where the skin is either too oily or too dry. In the area of the forehead, nose and chin (T-zone) sebaceous glands secrete excess oil. Other parts of the face are dry, especially in the area of the eyes and cheekbones. This is the most common skin type.
Sensitive Skin
Sensitive skin is found in all age groups. The skin usually has fine structure, often is transparent and with stains because the network of cracked capillaries is seen through the surface layer. The cracked capillaries are caused by the lack of elasticity. It is easily irritated by the sun, wind, sudden temperature changes and cosmetic products.

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